Answered By: Jane T
Last Updated: Aug 07, 2019     Views: 438

You should use the below format in your bibliography when creating a reference for a journal article source:

AUTHOR, Year. Title of article. Title of Journal (in italics). Volume (Issue number in brackets) Pages where article starts and ends (p. or pp.)

Here is an example: 

  • BOLT, D., 2004. Disability and the Rhetoric of Inclusive Higher Education. Journal of Further and Higher Education. 28 (4), pp. 353-358.

If it is a Journal article (online) please use the below example as a guide: 

GUO, H. and ZHI, C., 2014. Strategic flexibility and SME performance in an emerging economy: A contingency perspective. Journal of Organizational Change Management [online]. 27 (2), pp. 273-298. Available from: [Accessed 8 July 2014].

If it is a Journal article (with more than three authors) you should include all the authors in your bibliography following the example below. 

  • CLARK, J., PATTERN, D., HICKS, W. and OWEN, J., 2012. Differentiation in the classroom: an approach to teaching and learning. Journal of Inclusive Education. 20 (4), pp. 151-155.

For your in-text citation just give the name of the first author then ‘et al.’ 'Et al.’ means ‘and others’. For example Smith et al. (2010).  


For further details please refer to the Harvard Referencing Guide or get in touch.

If you are using a different referencing style to Harvard please contact your tutor for support.

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